Mapping Ecological Processes and Ecosystem Services for Prioritizing Restoration Efforts in a Semi-arid Mediterranean

The study takes place in the Ebro basin, specifically in a semi-arid and degraded area in northeastern Spain. First, the ecosystem services linked to the main ecological functions of the basin threatened by soil erosion were determined: water flow regulation, surface water supply, erosion control, carbon storage in woody vegetation and maintenance of soil fertility, as well as ecotourism or recreational activities.

Prior to this, mapping and quantification of ecosystem services was carried out in order to optimise and target specific local areas for restoration. In addition, guidelines are provided for restoration planning at the catchment scale; priorities are set for improving the flow of ecosystem services at this scale; and it is recommended that social and economic aspects of ecosystem services be included in restoration planning.

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